THE CALLAWAY FAMILY ASSOCIATION
Volume X No. 4
with esteem the name you were given;
The Editor's Corner
A Golfing Callaway Family
In 1914 Christopher Callaway with his wife, 3 sons and 1 daughter, immigrated to America from England. Christopher and all three of his sons were professional golfers. It is interesting to note that Christopher's father and his brother were also golf professionals. His brother's name was Bernard, and he stayed in Europe and became a golf professional at one of the golf resorts in the Engadine Region of Switzerland around St. Moritz. Following is an article from Golf Illustrated, May 1926 which mentions Bernard Callaway and describes what life was like at the resort at that time. Sadly Bernard was killed when the Germans invaded during WWII.
Three-quarters of a century ago the Upper Engadine of Switzerland was beginning to make social history as a fashionable "Air Cure" region. It is still that; but it is far more. Today this lofty portion of the Valley of the Inn, forming the canton of the Grisons, fairly teems with sport life. All winter long the skiers, the bobsledders, the skaters and the curlers claim the region for their own, and when summer comes it brings with it a host of no less enthusiastic golfers. For the Upper Engadine is the proud possessor of four courses; the eighteen-hole one at Samaden, the little capital, being looked upon as among the finest in Europe. Not only do the excellent courses at Samaden, St. Moritz, Maloja and Tarasp beckon the player to the Upper Engadine; an ideal summer climate for golf makes the call all the more insistent. It is a climate not too hot and not too cold; no matter with what relentlessness the sun blazes in the heavens, there are always tempering breezes from the mountains. And hand in hand with invigorating air goes
surrounding scenery nothing short of inspiring. To these might be added local color in the tinkling bells of the dun-coated cows and the frisky mountain goats.
The Engadine Golf Club, the principal social center at St. Moritz and Pontresina all summer - the non-golfing contingent meets there for luncheon and tea - is particularly fortunate in its scenic environment. On all sides the snowy summits of giant peaks are outlined against the blue, there are the glaciers and eternal snow fields of the Bernina range, lower down the forests of pine and larch send forth their balmy odor, and into the inn plunge the blue-green waters of the glacial streams. Carpeting the springy turf are myriad blue gentians, pink primulas, yellow stonecrops and purplish nigratellas. Color, color everywhere.
The course of this club, despite the fact that it lies some six thousand feet above sea level, is a remarkably level one. The short and springy turf dries quickly after a rain, the underlying soil being light and sandy, and the dead-true greens are sufficiently fast. The course is well over six thousand yards. By taking every advantage of the streams, hollows and pine tree nursery, much has been made of natural obstacles, and there is accordingly great variety of play. Plenty of scope for the driver is to be found at the longer holes - the first (533), fourth (464), eleventh (430), and eighteenth (400), while the feathery alpine grass provides enticing brassie and spoon (golf clubs) play, and a good lie over practically all of the fairway.
The Engadine Golf Club course is opened for the season about the middle of June, and generally there are weekly competitions up to the second week in September, the most important fixtures falling between mid-July and the end of August. Among the American members of this club are: W. S. Hilles, the founder of the Cannes Country Club; Alfred Bourne, who won the Swiss Championship at Lucerne last summer; Charles Welsh, a veteran player; F. Mott Gunther, Captain J. Rufus and F. B. Keene. St. Moritz also has a good nine-hole course, the property of the Kulm Hotels in Badrutt's Park. There are weekly competitions during the summer and the pavilion is a favorite place for afternoon tea.
The first nine holes of the Samaden course date back to 1893, the other nine having been completed within the year. Since the Great War the course has been very much improved under the personal direction of Peter Gannon, the well known left-handed player; a former champion, he has been secretary of the Engadine Golf Club since 1923. It is on this course that the championships of Switzerland are usually held - in August - and there are numerous other summer events of interest, always with Americans competing. Frank Presbrey, the president of the United States Senior Golfers' Association, gave a cup for an annual senior's competition in 1921. What with the Engadine Challenge Cup, the Holt Beever Challenge Cup, the Ladies Cup and the ones offered by the large hotels, there is no lack of incentives in the way of trophies.
The line of the Rhaetian Railroad branches at Samaden, one arm following the Inn to St. Moritz and the other skirting the golf course until it reaches the deep channel of the Faltz River, wending its way hurriedly from the glaciers of Pontresina. Little electric trains speed the golfer to each of the large resorts in ten minutes. In the "high season" there are special golfers' trains from St. Moritz, stopping at the Inn Bridge, within two minutes' walk of the golf pavilion.
The Maloja Palace Hotel has a finely situated course, laid out more than thirty years ago, and Vupera, at the other end of the long Engadine Valley, added one of nine holes two years ago. Each of the golf clubs of the Upper Engadine has its own professional. Bernard Callaway, at Cannes in the winter, goes to Samaden in summer. H. B. Roberts, of Montreaux, is at St. Mortiz; the elder A. Dell, of Hyeres, is at Maloja, and the younger one at Vulpera.
The dark-eyed, quick-witted boys and girls who serve as caddies in the Upper Engadine, lend a touch of picturesqueness to golf in this region. Easy to teach, they are slow to forget friends of former seasons. More often than not, they are devotion itself. They chatter away in three languages - their native Romansch, the official German and the Italian of their nearest neighbors.
~ Above from - Heberhart,
Ramsey. Engadine Golf. Golf Illustrated. May 1926: 44, 52
Editor's Note - Following is information about the part of the family that came to America. Some additional information on this family was published in the March 2006 CFA Newsletter.
Descendants of Frederick William Callaway
Generation No. 1
1. FREDERICK WILLIAM1 CALLAWAY was born Abt. 1833 in Aldernay, Channel Islands, and died 1872 in St. Helen's. He married ELLEN ELIZA CALLAWAY 1859 in St. Helen's. She was born Abt. 1837 in Isle of Wight, Hampshire, England, and died 1914.Notes for FREDERICK WILLIAM CALLAWAY: Frederick and Ellen were cousins.
More About FREDERICK WILLIAM CALLAWAY: Occupation: Mariner, Golf Professional
Children of FREDERICK CALLAWAY and ELLEN CALLAWAY are:
i. MARGARET2 CALLAWAY, b. Abt. 1859,
Isle of Wight, Hampshire, England.
Generation No. 2
2. FENTON2 CALLAWAY(FREDERICK WILLIAM1) was born Abt. 1863 in Isle of Wight, Hampshire, England. He married KATE EDWARDS. She was born Abt. 1865 in Isle of Wight, Hampshire, England.
Notes for FENTON CALLAWAY: He is listed on the 1891 Isle of Wight census as single,
seaman. They are listed on the 1901 Portsmouth, Hampshire, England
Children of FENTON CALLAWAY and KATE EDWARDS are:
i. FENTON3 CALLAWAY, b. Abt. 1891,
3. CHRISTOPHER EDWARD2 CALLAWAY (FREDERICK WILLIAM1) was born Abt. 1867 in Isle of Wight, Hampshire, England, and died Apr 1945 in Pinehurst, NC. He married HELEN L. CLARKE. She was born Abt. 1873 in Isle of Wight, Hampshire, England, and died Mar 18, 1950 in Buffalo, NY.
Notes for CHRISTOPHER EDWARD CALLAWAY:
He is listed as a golf teacher at a country club on the 1930 Trenton, Mercer Co., NJ census. He returned from a trip to England in 1925. The listing says he became a naturalized citizen of the US while living in Buffalo, NY.
More About CHRISTOPHER EDWARD CALLAWAY: Naturalization: Apr 1916, Sup. of Court, Buffalo, NY. Occupation: Professional golfer and golf teacher.
~ below obituary from Pinehurst Outlook, Pinehurst, NC, April 27, 1945
Christopher Callaway; Old School English Golf Professional Dies Here
Christopher Edward Callaway, 78 years old, one of the old school English golf professionals, died in his sleep here Friday. Funeral services were conducted Sunday at The Community Church and burial was in Southern Pines Cemetery.
Mr. Callaway was born in England and from 1893 until 1914 he was professional at the United Service Golf Club, Portsmouth, England. He was a pioneer in establishing golf on the continent of Europe and served at various times with clubs in Southern France and in Switzerland. (Editor's Note - I believe this last sentence actually refers to Christopher Callaway's brother Bernard Callaway)
Mr. Callaway instructed members of the Royal families of Europe and many of the foremost soldiers and statesmen while at his golfing posts in England and on the continent.
In 1914 he came with his family to America and held positions as golf professional at The Oakley Club, Boston; Lockport, New York, The Park Club, Buffalo, as private instructor to Daniel Guggenheim at Port Washington and at the Trenton, N. J. Country Club. He spent about four years in Charlotte, N. C. where his son Clarence conducted driving ranges.
Surviving are his widow and daughter Christine, who reside in Buffalo; his son Harold Callaway, of the Pinehurst Country Club staff, Clarence, professional at Sumter, S. C. and Lionel, of Miami, Florida.
Mr. Callaway spent a great deal of time in Pinehurst. In the spring, when all three courses were open, he took an assignment as starter on number three, where he sent many foursomes away with a smile. The old gentleman had a varied and interesting career as a professional golfer; his memory was excellent, and his stories, comments and wit were well coordinated.
He taught golf to many of the big 'uns' in Britain; and in winters spent on the French Riviera watched the Royal playboys of Europe, India, Russia as they paraded with their ladies along the Promenade de la Croisette, in Cannes. Life was gay in Cannes during the declining years of the last century, and the early years of the new one. Later it was not so gay. When the Germans invaded the south of France among those killed was B. S. Callaway, who served as professional at the Cannes Golf Club for many years. B. S. Callaway was a brother of Christopher.
While at The United Services Golf Club in England, Mr. Callaway came in contact with a naval officer who started Colonel Bogey on his unerring career of pestering less gifted but more human players. This officer, often finding it difficult to make up a game with competent opposition, fixed a figure for each hole which he considered an expert should be able to accomplish. Added together he had a medal score to shoot for; as well as a worthy opponent in a hole-by-home match play contest - Colonel Bogey.
Mr. Callaway worshipped Colonel Bogey, but detested the unromantic Par, introduced by Americans who did not consider Col. Bogey set them a fast enough pace.
Mr. Callaway was not only an excellent story teller, he could set his thoughts down in entertaining paragraphs; sometimes the Muse would join him, and he would express himself in verse, as for example, one of his last contributions:
A Proud Young Golf Pro
Time was when Love and I were well acquainted
Time was when maidens of the Noblest Station,
Those were the days when Christopher could talk back to Colonel Bogey. The old man has gone, and Pinehurst people who frequently paused to pass the time of day with Mr. Callaway, will miss one of the most entertaining conversationalists of the village.
Children of CHRISTOPHER CALLAWAY and HELEN CLARKE are:
i. LINGARD CHRISTOPHER3 CALLAWAY, b.
Abt. 1890, Isle of Wight, Hampshire, England; d.
Bef. 1901, Isle of Wight, Hampshire, England.
Notes for CLARENCE EDWARD CALLAWAY:
Buffalo. July 10 - Harold Callaway the 19 year-old member of the family of Callaways which has contributed several professional players to golf, hung up a new course record yesterday at the Niagara Falls Golf Club. Playing in a four-ball match young Callaway, who is the resident professional at the Orchard Park Club, hear here, went around in 72 for a new low mark. he has twice registered 70s at Orchard Park, and his last four rounds there have been completed in 71, 73, 72 and 71.
The youngster is being hailed by up-Staters as of the same caliber as Leo Diegel, Eddie Loos, Clarence Hackney and other of the young pros. His father, Christopher Callaway, professional at the Park Club in Buffalo, has two other sons who are golfers. One (Clarence) is now at the Youngstown Country Club, Ohio, and the other (Lionel) was recently discharged from the Royal Air Force, in which he served as a Lieutenant.
From the American Golfer, December 31, 1921, pg
From The American Golfer, 1918, pg. 66, 68
The Members of the Park Club of Buffalo are
justifiably proud of their new course at Orchard
Park, which was laid out a couple of years ago. It
is generally regarded as easily being the best in
the western part of New York State. Elmer Loving,
the professional to the Lockport Town and Country
Club, in playing over the course recently did the first round in 79, 75 for the
second and 72 the third, the latter constituting a record. More recently Harold
Callaway, assistant professional to the home club, broke Loving's record by two
strokes. His score, together with the distances of the holes, is worth reproducing:
The American Annual Golf Guide 1923
More About HAROLD JOUBERT CALLAWAY: Occupation: Professional golfer
Generation No. 3
4. LIONEL FRANK3 CALLAWAY(CHRISTOPHER EDWARD2, FREDERICK WILLIAM1) was born 28 May 1895 in Isle of Wight, Hampshire, England, and died 12 Jul 1988 in Pinehurst, Moore Co., NC. He married MARGARET SLOAN, daughter of EARL SLOAN and KATHERINE SCHWARTZ. She was born 06 Sep 1904 in Bradford, PA, and died 07 Dec 2002 in Patriot's Colony in Williamsburg, Va.
Notes for LIONEL FRANK CALLAWAY: He was a golf professional at Pinehurst Country Club in
Pinehurst, NC for many years. He also invented the Callaway
Handicap System which was officially used until about 1989.
WILLIAMSTOWN—WILLOWDALE COUNTRY CLUB.
More About LIONEL FRANK CALLAWAY: Occupation: Professional golfer
Editor's Note - My thanks to Lesley Haigh for providing information about the family. Additional information about the European part of this family line can be found on Lesley Haigh's web site at: http://www.leshaigh.co.uk/kellawaymod/sthelens.html. I would also like to express my appreciation to Nancy Stulack, who is the Librarian at the USGA Museum in Far Hills, NJ. She graciously sent me articles from early golf magazines about this golfing family, and mailed me a copy of Lionel Callaway's obituary, which follows below. And my appreciation goes to Kay Lund, Archives Assistant at Given Memorial Library, Tufts Archives, Pinehurst, North Carolina. She spent a great deal of time searching for, and copying articles about this family and Pinehurst Golf Club where Lionel Frank Callaway was golf pro for many years. Hannah Fleming, Heritage & Museum Assistant Curator, The British Golf Museum, St. Andrews, Scotland, very kindly searched their records and discovered that Christopher Callaway played in the 1902 British Open golf tournament. She sent this information to me along with several other mentions of this family. Many very nice people have contributed to this look at a Golfing Callaway family.
~ Below article from Tales of Pinehurst, Vol. II, 1988, pp. 78-79.
Lionel Callaway - Born to Golf
"My birthplace was on the Isle of Wyght off Southern England in 1895", said Lionel in a talk with the Gazette. "I grew up and went to school there. My father, Christopher Callaway, was one of the first Golf Pros in the old days - my Grandfather was also a Pro. So, I'm the 3rd generation." It appears you were in a manner of speaking, sort of born into the game of golf Lionel! "It seemed that way I suppose. I began caddying when quite young at the 3 original golf courses, I believe, in the world - St. Andrews in Scotland, The Royal N. Devon in Devonshire at Land's End, and the Royal Isle of Wyght Golf Club."
Can you remember first starting to play golf? "Yes, but you didn't play golf in those times. We had to work - clean clubs - caddy; if you got on the course once a month in late evening you were doing well. I was learning to make golf clubs - studying the game and its history. The days of my youth were wonderful. I studied hard - it was a large school with 3 or 4 hundred boys. I was also quite interested in sports becoming Captain of the football (soccer) team, the cricket team; I was on the water polo team."
"Something I remember with a great deal of fondness and pleasure was that I was one of the original Boy Scouts, one of the very first, in 1910. Sir Baden Powell, a General in the Army in the Boer War, started the Boy Scout movement. This has become world wide, but it began in England. Dan Beard headed it up later in America. I owe a great deal of my education and handiness with making objects and appreciation of so many basic things to what I learned in the Boy Scouts. We were very proud of being scouts. We had uniforms." What did you do in your teens? "Not much else beside go to school. In England we go to school 11 months a year. We had a week off at Easter, one at Christmas and another we called a bank holiday; then one month in the summer."
"Since my father's vocation was golf, I spent most of my spare time working with golf. In about 1915 my father was invited to come to America to join the Oakley Country Club. Donald Ross was there and he followed Ross. After we arrived, Donald Ross came here to Pinehurst."
You were about 19 when World War I began? Did you go back to England? "Yes, I was in what we called the Home Guard as a bugler. I was fortunate enough to have become a Golf Pro by then - I also built golf courses. I got the spirit with the war on; I thought I should be in it, so I joined the Royal Flying Corps in Canada. I was at the Univ. of Toronto where they had established a school of military aeronautics. I took the courses offered; I learned to fly and was sent to Texas to learn aerial fighting. 17 young aviators and myself were sent on a detachment to England as part of the American 4th Division."
"We left N.Y. on a ship. The commander just took us in hand and put us to work. During the trip we were attacked by submarines. We had about 12 ships in the convoy. Our ship had bad coal - this was our fuel - we couldn't keep up, and we turned back being told to make port at Halifax, Nova Scotia. We arrived there the day after the big explosion."
"There had been a collision of two ships near the town, one an ammunitions transport. This was an unbelievable tragedy. It literally blew the whole town off the hillside killing hundreds of people. We went ashore and pitched in doing all we could for the wounded, the dead and the hospitals. The anchor of the ship that exploded was found 5 miles away. About the only thing standing in town were stone works. We stayed there several days then joined another ship convoy from N.Y. to England."
"I went and did my duty as a flyer. I try not to talk about those days. There are too many war heroes today. It was rather exciting though. At the time America had joined the war, but they had no airplanes at all. Everyone used English and French airplanes." Did you fly in the war? "Yes! I was in the Royal Air Force. The Americans provided the bases and money and we taught the Americans how to fly." What was flying like then? "It was open cockpits with not too heavy clothes. There was much bailing wire, but the planes were good - the Curtiss Jenny was one ship used - we graduated to Avros then on to the de Havillands; finally I got into SE-5's the Sopwith Camel. These were our top craft. I flew them all serving in France."
"Once they had me on duty hunting submarines in the English Channel and up through Dover to Hamburg. I would see them quite plainly under the water and we'd bomb them. Those were the days when we were given the name of the 'Calvarymen of the Clouds.'" Were you ever shot down Lionel? "Yes, more than once."
"We did what we were told to do. I remember once we were coming home from battle one day. My buddy's ship, in landing, caught fire. We had no aerodromes you know - we landed on fields and lived in tents. We moved about, all over. If we were bombarded by artillery we'd just pack up and move. When the plane landing with me caught fire, I pulled up as near him as I could - got out quickly and climbed up and pulled him out of the burning plane. We were both pretty badly burned. We don't know what caused the fire."
"After the war was over, I came home to America, Boston, and started in with golf again. In the summers I went about to different clubs in the country. I was in golf one way or another the rest of my life except during the 2nd World War. I was too old to fly then, so I worked with Pan American Airways. I was in charge of all the commissaries in hotels from Miami to Rio across to Balboa. We had 88,000 employees. I might add that I visited Pinehurst while a young man and suppose I always wanted to live here but that's another story."
Lionel said to me with a decided twinkle in his eyes, "I wonder if this home of ours might be called the House Golf Hall of Fame? Richard Chapman was born in this house around or before the Turn-of-the-century. Then Arnold Jackson, who was involved in building the hospital here, lived here. He was a very wealthy man. His wife was Kate Harley of Boston. She won the National Championship for Women in golf in 1901 or so; she won it again as Mrs. Arnold Jackson. Then came the Callaways. Pinehurst is a lovely place to live - we are most happy here."
Thanks Lionel Callaway - for sharing your thoughts. Hope you'll talk to us again? "Yes, I will!"
~ Below article from On The Green magazine, September, 1979, pp. 5-6. This is the fifth installment of Lionel Callaway's memoirs of his life in golf.
Sand Greens Like Pinehurst
After the armistice was signed I was posted to a repatriation camp in Lincolnshire, England. Many Canadians, Americans, Australians and other "Colonials" were there awaiting discharge or the ship home. Men became restless, anxious and disgruntled almost to the point of mutiny. The Major in charge was worried and he was often heckled with the cry, "We want to go home!"
Of course it took time to arrange transportation and all the paper work of discharge, but everyone thought his case was not being considered. In the officers' mess I suggested to the Major that if there was something for the men to do, they wouldn't be so restless.
"Yes," he said, "but what?" I proposed to him that since there was no flying, why not use the airfield for a golf course? He thought for a moment and then asked if it could be done. I said that if he would give me some men and requisitions I would have it ready in a few days. "Right-on," he said, "use your own judgment."
Posting a notice in daily orders requiring men who knew anything abut golf to report to me, I found my man, Sergeant Heeley, my father's old greens keeper. We staked out a course, and I told him to get his men to mow and roll, make flags, tee markers, and anything else needed, and to bring the "chits" to me for signature. The greens? Well, we stripped the turf and made sand greens like we had in Pinehurst. I left for London and bought all the clubs and balls I could find, and shortly the camp became virtually a public links. Men even caddied for each other just for something to do. It helped the morale of the camp considerably. One thing more - during my last leave in the Island, I won the "unofficial" championship of the Royal Air Force.
Upon my return to Buffalo some gentlemen had formed a club and were building a course. They engaged me to supervise the construction and become the pro. The day the course was opened only two golfers, Dr. J.Y. Cohen and Myron Lehman, knew how to play, but at least 150 members came out to the clambake. The next day I began teaching continuously from morning to night and inside two months' time I had about 75 players - not good, but enjoying the game.
Rules and etiquette were anything but good so I spent Saturday afternoons and Sundays walking around the course, saying "you can't do this and you can't do that." One weekend I arranged a tournament with guess handicap and for the purpose of authority wore a chauffeur's cap on which I put a sign, "scorum-keeper." This amused the members, for later I was told it meant "cheater." I stayed with the Willowdale Club for many years (it has since been changed to Westbrook) and also renewed my contract with Pinehurst in the winters. Golf was growing in Buffalo and Western New York that I was often called to lay out new courses or revamp existing ones.
Jack Gordon, an older Scot, was from Carnoustie and was as well-grounded in training as myself. We were considered the leading pros and the authorities on golf. Jack and I founded the Western New York PGA and our charter included from Buffalo to Albany down to Binghamton and across to Erie, Years later this huge section was divided into three sections: North-Eastern New York, Central New York and Western New York. Jack was President for several years and I was Secretary and Chairman of the Tournament Committee. Later I enjoyed the Presidency for three years.
The Western New York PGA was responsible for many tournaments and get-togethers. Championship, Amateur-Pro and team matches with Canadian players built up much interest and international good will between Western New York and the Canadian border. The Canadian Open was held every other year at Toronto and Western New York golfers, both amateur and professional, swelled the entry list and often took home sizeable money prizes. Leagues were formed and inter-club matches became very popular, some of which still exist today. The Iroquois League, League of the Lower Lakes and the Penny League, named for Pennsylvania and New York, all became very important on a club's schedule.
My interest in the members' participation in golf left me very little time and it transcended the programs and profit on my own game, for I considered that then I was first a teacher, rather than a player, which accounted for the many seconds and thirds with very few firsts.
I left the Willowdale Club to try my hand as a golf equipment salesman. Jimmy Pennock, President of the Andrews Sporting Goods Co. of Syracuse, called on me for a spring order. He was worried because his company had just taken on the agency for Zenith Radios which made him so busy he had no time to call on the pros for spring orders; therefore he persuaded me to make the trip. My trip around the state was very profitable, even though I had but few items to sell. These consisted of the popular "Silver King" ball, Hendry and Bishop iron heads, rough hickory shafts, Reddy-toes and a limited amount of Wright and Ditson finished clubs. I returned to Syracuse, picked up my commissions and was off again for Pinehurst. It was good experience but the Andrews company went broke so I had to find another job.
Matt Kiernan, the best and most popular sales manager Spalding ever had, advised me to go to Bradford, Pennsylvania. The job was open and I learned that there were sixty applicants. Landing this position was, I think, the best move I ever made for here I met Peggy, my wife and mother of our two daughters, Jeanne and Lucinda.
Bradford Country Club was a nine hole course constructed on a hillside with a constant slope of 15 or 20 degrees. It was really an oil lease and had many derricks and jacks which provided the hazards and separated the fairways. The players did not mind this as most of them were oil producers and the oil derricks and moving jacks provided them with other pleasures. Half the holes had right hand slopes and the other had left, therefore, having one leg shorter than the other would have been advantageous if one could exchange legs on every other hole. The pro before me, Tug Tyler by name, actually had a wooden leg. Another would have made changing possible, but Tug never went that far.
The new course, the Penn Hills Club, while still nine holes, was a modern and well built Walter Travis design with a creek winding through it, which had to be crossed seven times during the round. Then a new clubhouse of castle proportions was built, complete with swimming pool and the younger set began to use the club. Children of the members soon became interested in golf and kept me busy teaching. Fourteen consecutive years at Bradford and many winters at Pinehurst gave me the opportunity to cultivate my ability to teach and get all the experience required of a qualified professional.
Florida was now beginning to attract golfers and many courses were built in conjunction with hotels and real estate promotions. This brought out all the missionary in me and I decided the Sunshine State was the place for me and my family. I chose Hollywood and began to ply my trade there in winters and in the Adirondack Mountains during the summer. Following the sun as a freelance professional became a pleasant vocation until the second World War got under my skin.
I was aware that my age would keep me out of the armed forces but I felt I could be of some service. Because of my flying experience in the first war I was attracted to the Pan American Airways in Miami. They were greatly in need of supervisory personnel at the time and engaged me for service in Trinidad, South America. Again, for the second time in my life, my golf clubs were put in cold storage until after hostilities. Three years later I returned to my Florida and Adirondack posts and continued my first love as "Professor of Swing."
Teaching, playing, lecturing, building courses and driving ranges and generally lending my experience for promotion and advancement of golf have kept me occupied and, I hope, qualified to write about the grand game. The knowledge and experience gained over many years is now gladly passed on to younger men and women for what it is worth to them.
~ Below article from Golf World magazine, June 23, 1967, pp. 20-21
Old Vs. New Match Proves
Rolling Back Father Time At Pinehurst
When Lionel Callaway, professional at Pinehurst, N.C. Country Club was presented 16 antique golf clubs he dreamed up quite a production to test their playability. First photo, prior to donning "costume" for his match, he examines the clubs.
Celluloid collar and Hoover button wouldn't draw a second glance (we'll get letters on that one). But the golfers were surprised into glorious double takes when a horse-drawn carriage deposited at the entrance a couple from out of the past.
Stepping from the conveyance was a dapper, springy although smaller, version of "Colonel Bogie" the legendary British golf figure. He was arrayed in a white golf cap, bow tie, white shirt, natty tattersall vest, maroon jacket, plus fours and a magnificent mustache that could have been cultivated only while in service of Her Majesty in India.
He helped his lovely lady, attired in long dress and fashionable bonnet, from the cab then retrieved an ancient golf bag containing even more ancient wooden golf clubs. A handsome teen-aged couple met the two, he in Bermuda shorts and golf shirt, she is a reasonable mini-shirted dress. Then Col. Bogie, alias Lionel Callaway, said, "after the champagne the match is on."
The interesting production was the result of Callaway's fertile imagination and the gift of the clubs from a boyhood friend. Lionel is the inventor of the Callaway Handicap System, as most people in golf now know, and teaching professional at Pinehurst Country Club. Recently he received 16 wooden clubs from old friend Stanley Jacobs as a gift. Both served professional apprenticeships on the Isle of Wight, England under Stanley's father, Charles Jacobs. A recent visit "home" resulted in the treasured gift of antique golf clubs.
The clubs were in perfect order. Leather grips, still in original wrappings in some instances, were pleasing to the touch; most clubheads were unscarred; pitch twine wrappings around the hosel were sturdy and impressive. Callaway realized he had enough hickory-shafted clubs in mint condition for a proper round of golf. One graceful driver was played by Old Tom Morris, an extraordinary putter was used by Jamie Anderson and both were British Open champions several times over during the 19th century.
Ready for the match are "Colonel Bogie" and Bobby Barrett, (above left photo) with ancient sand tee box in the background. The colonel, alias Lionel Callaway, with but one exception, "went the distance" in re-creating the hickory-shaft era. The exception was using a modern golf ball. Callaway (above right photo) putts on 18th green of No. 1 course, with the storied Pinehurst clubhouse in background.
Friends warned Lionel the clubs were for "looking" not playing. But he knew the solidity of the implements and experimented until he found the proper, slow groove needed to handle the whippy shafts. He avers that steel shafts merely opened up golf to the masses and are no better than the hickory. The hickory broke easily and the cost of re-shafting clubs was prohibitive to the masses. But Callaway's star pupil was not impressed. He is Bobby Barrett, 15, son of Mr. and Mrs. Robert S. Barrett, owners of Pine Crest Inn in Pinehurst.
The match was born on the spot. "I'll show you how well these clubs have stood up for more than 100 years," said the teacher. But he has never been content with one idea. If it were to be a match between old and new Callaway would go all the way.
And so it was that Col. Bogie visited Pinehurst, arriving in a carriage, quaffing champagne under a morning sky, as was a bygone breakfast custom, and pinching a handful of sand from one of Pinehurst's old tee boxes to form a mound to tee off. Unfortunately, Col. Bogie was suffering from a shoulder ailment and that grooved swing was abandoned in favor of the shoulder. But the colonel kept his tee time for the benefit of the press.
The trappings of the day transformed Callaway. Peter Tufts, in charge of golf operations at the huge resort, remarked, "when Lionel put that mustache on and pulled on the knickers he thought he was Harry Vardon." But Tufts took some of it seriously too. If the United States GA headquarters felt a tremor recently it was because Tufts kicked one of Callaway's tee shots out from a poor lie. He didn't want to see one of those gorgeous old clubs broken.
But even with the help of a foot mashie, the colonel and wooden clubs were no match for the supple back and steel shafted clubs of young Barrett. They played the first, 17th and 18th holes of No. 1 course for benefit of camera and interested buffs. Bobby won all three. Would you believe Callaway four-putted the first hole? But, then, you try it with a putter having the feel of a baseball bat. Barrett scored bogie, birdie, par and the colonel's card shall remain a mystery. But he proved the clubs were playable and sturdy.
Afterwards he displayed his clubs and strange to say, the 1860 models have more grace and beauty than current custom jobs. The fairway woods had swan's necks instead of goose necks. The leather grips had the feel of suede. Lionel recalled the days when at least a half-dozen clubmakers worked from dawn until dusk during the Pinehurst season repairing similar clubs. Rock-hard clubface inserts were made of rams' horn and repairs made to wooden heads on some clubs appeared as when first installed.
Everyone enjoyed it, except Col. Bogie. The stiff shoulder didn't allow him to show what the clubs would do. Ah well, it really was all in fun. Wooden clubs again whooshed over Pinehurst turf; it was pleasant to see Mrs. Art Long of Pinehurst in long gown, and her niece, Margie Fisher, in modern dress, and the champagne was marvelous, even at 10 in the morning.
~ Below article from Golf Illustrated magazine, September 15, 1966, pg. 79
A Man with a Fertile Mind
Lionel Frank Callaway might be wealthy today if he had followed through on his many golfing ideas which date back more than half a century to a natural ball-return driving range on his native Isle of Wight.
Callaway's unpublished book of golf reminiscences and instruction reveals that the veteran professional at Pinehurst (North Carolina) Country Club, the World's only private 90-hole course, was in on the beginnings of indoor and miniature golf, rubber-base ball paint, streamlined club-heads and the form-grip practice club.
Such a fertile mind might be expected in a man associated with golf for nearly 60 years and the inventor of the universally-known handicapping system that bears his name.
Callaway's winter seasons at Pinehurst, where he served as tournament director under famed Donald Ross, and the squabbling of members at his summer post, Penn Hills Country Club, Bradford, Pennsylvania, over handicaps, resulted in the invention of the Callaway system in 1940.
Sun-tanned and fit, looking far younger than the age he won't reveal, (Editor's Note - 71 at this writing) Callaway conducted the interviewer through his handsome home past an imposing "Master Swing Guide" in the backyard of his garage workshop outfitted with an array of tools befitting a man who learnt club-making under Charles J. Jacobs at the Royal Isle of Wight Golf Club.
Callaway also learned the game at home from his father, whom he refers to as "The Colonel," a professional and course designer.
The Callaway boys - brothers Clarence and Harold also made golf their life work - turned an abandoned chalk pit at Newport, Isle of Wight, into an unusual driving range. A half-bowl in a hillside, it was worn smooth by toboggan sliding and returned their practice shots to the grass level fronting the pit and used for the teeing ground.
"I used farmers' fields for practice ranges for members when I first came to the United States," recalls Callaway, "and went out evenings to gather up the balls."
In 1914, while at Oakley Country Club, Boston, Callaway designed an indoor game, set it up in a department store and even won the Massachusetts indoor championship staged at a large hotel. Contestants included Mike Brady and Francis Ouimet but Lionel "knew the course" best.
During his apprenticeship, Callaway noted that many players were having trouble changing from their old grips to the recommended Vardon style of over-lapping.
"Melting down some solid gutta percha balls, I applied the substance to the grip portion of a hickory shaft," he says. "I softened the material again by dipping it into a pail of hot water, placed my hands lightly on the club, then squeezed my fingers to make the impression of the Vardon grip, after which I let it set and harden. Several members liked the idea and had me fit their hands to a club to remind them of the correct position."
Way back in 1914, when manufacturers were accepting trade-ins on paint-checked golf balls, Callaway suggested to the general manager of a large sporting goods firm that rubber be mixed with cover enamel to prevent the cracking. The next season "rubber painted" balls came out at a 10-cent premium!
"I made no money on most of my ideas," reflects Callaway. "I prefer to call them my contributions to a game which has been good to me."
Callaway isn't about to run out of ideas to help golfers. His "Master Swing Guide" consists of a fixed plane of flexible sheet material around which the pupil tracks a path with a special club fitted with a small wheel, rather than a standard head. This is designed to groove this swing in the proper plane. The angle of the plane can be changed by its supports to adjust to upright or flat swings.
A golfer can't swing badly and keep the club in rolling contact with the plane. Callaway contends that it has worked wonders for his pupils. He might even patent it.
~ Below article from The Pilot,
Southern Pines, North Carolina, 1987
Lionel Callaway, 92, Tells Fascinating Story of Golf
We had an appointment last Thursday at 9:45 a.m. in the Tufts Archives Wing. He wants to know what I mean getting him up at such an hour. At 92, he is obviously in much better shape "at such an hour" of the morning than I am.
He is anxious that I understand he is there, in Tufts Archives , to talk about the impressive collection of golf artifacts and memorabilia he has recently donated to this wing of Given memorial Library. Not about himself. He is still gracefully deft in his movements, no trace of arthritis or any of those diseases that normally come upon persons of his age.
And he is adept, like a throw-away actor, at moving the questions away from Lionel Callaway, a man who has, and still is, devoting his life to his primary passion, golf, as executant, teacher, inventor, even course designer.
Well, he has to talk about his inventions because they're part of his collection. The most important, widely recognized, the invention that has impacted upon the game of golf nationally and internationally, bears his name: The Callaway System of Handicapping. He knocked that one out in "five or ten minutes. It was something that was missing in golf and had to be and everybody knows about," he explains mysteriously with his familiar impish grin.
Something nobody knows about yet - Lionel has now put the Callaway System on the computer. "Anybody in Pinehurst can go up and play all the courses and just turn in his card and the computer will spit out his net score," Lionel says. With hundreds of people in tournaments, this instant computerized data will enable scorers to get answers immediately.
A favorite item donated to Tufts Archives by Lionel is his bronze plaque of Harry Vardon. "If there is a man in the world mentioned more than Nicklaus, more than Bob Jones, he (Vardon) is the one. He gave us the overlapping grip (Lionel demonstrates vigorously). He was here in 1900 and helped put Pinehurst on the map," says Lionel.
He points to a small picture, autographed to him by Vardon. "He was a handsome man, in his prime."
Two other Callaway inventions are explained, one by archivist Dot Saunders, a "concentrator," a golf ball sized bit of plastic that attaches to the brim of your golf cap with a hairclip to help "keep your eye on the ball."
The inventor demonstrates the Callaway putting guide - "take the club back one inch for every foot to the hole." He says this is infallible.
A plan of the four original courses in Pinehurst is a big part of his donated collection.
obituary from The Pilot,
Southern Pines, North Carolina, Thursday, July 14, 1988
Noted Golf Leader Dies Here At 93
Frank Callaway, 93, inventor of the Callaway Handicap System of
Golf, died Tuesday at Moore Regional Hospital following a short
Editor’s note - I encourage each of
you to send in articles for the e-Newsletter. It doesn’t have to
be lengthy. It could be some "Callaway/Kellaway" news, a family story, a
family photo, a favorite family recipe, results from your family
line research, or any item you think would be of interest to our
readers. Send them to me, and I will take care of adding them.
Callaway, Nebraska is having a Birthday
Jo Chesley sent us a reminder that Callaway, Nebraska will be celebrating its 125th birthday next year. Their town was name for the railroad man, Samuel Rogers Callaway.
Greetings From Callaway Nebraska,
I found your email address while searching on the web. As you well know, our town was named after your relative, Samuel Rogers Callaway. The purpose of contacting you is to let you know that our local Chamber is planning a celebration in 2010 for the 125th anniversary of our special little town!!!
We would LOVE to have any of the Callaway descendants attend this event and if that is not possible, we'd like to know a little more about Samuel Rogers Callaway. I see that your site has some information and photos from the Callaway Chamber website so I know some of "you" have researched our area. I think it would be great fun to get to "know" Samuel Rogers a little better!!!
If you would contact me with any information, it would be greatly appreciated and don't forget that we'd love to have you join us in 2010.
cheslodg at gpcom.net
Edith Mary Lemon Chambers Kellaway Memoirs
would like to thank Lesley Dickinson for graciously sharing her
grandmother's memoirs with us. They have been published on the
CFA Blog and you can read them at this link:
Grassroots Genealogy Effort
For anyone who would like to participate, here is a web site trying to improve the access to vital records online. How does your state stack up in availability of on-line vital records?
Hello Callaway Family Association,
Here is the link to the website about our grassroots effort to have Pennsylvania make its older state death certificates much more accessible and available online similar to how they have started to do in other states: http://users.rcn.com/timarg/PaHR-Access.htm . We hope you will join in on this effort and if you would pass this information onto anyone you know who is into Pennsylvania genealogy and history including out of state residents.
This effort will only succeed with your help. Otherwise we could be stuck with the same old existing archaic system for a very long time to come. There are millions and millions of people who are into genealogy but unless we speak up we are allowing those who don't care about genealogy decide what records we may or may not have access to.
If for some reason you have difficulty opening our website through the above link go to Google or a similar search engine and type in "pahr-access". It should be the first hit. Our apologizes if you have already received this email. We would appreciate it if you would let us know the state or country you are from when you email us.
Thank you for your help.
U. S. Joseph Callaway Line
Everyone please welcome new CFA
Member, Nancy Long Mayo. She has sent us her family ancestry
which descends from the Joseph Callaway line through Casander
Callaway as follows:
Everyone please welcome new CFA Member, Nancy (Nicki) Broch. She has shared her Callaway ancestry with us, and is one of those rare Callaway descendants who has discovered a connection in her family to both the Joseph and Peter Callaway lines. This information has been added to the CFA Joseph and Peter Callaway master files.
Editor's Notes -
The line of descent for Nancy
Gertrude Callaway is as follows:
I would like to welcome new newsletter subscriber, Scott Callaway Smith. He has graciously sent us his Callaway ancestry. He descends from the Joseph line through Julia Callaway. His family information has been added to the CFA master Joseph Callaway file at RootsWeb.
My name is Scott Callaway Smith, and I have a
branch of the Joseph Callaway tree that is not currently listed
on the CFA website. You have listed "Scott D. Callaway"; he is
my great grandfather, and both my father (David Callaway Smith)
and I (Scott Callaway Smith) were named after him.
U. S. Peter Callaway Line
I would like to thank Ann Mongar for sharing some of her Callaway family pictures with us. Ann descends from the Peter Callaway line.
James W. Callaway, son of James Preston Callaway and Elizabeth L. Harless. James W. Callaway was born Dec 1866 in Virginia and died 1910-1920. James W. Callaway was married to Sarah Unknown and they had a daughter named Mary Callaway.
Mary Callaway was born Feb 9, 1890 in Lewis County, Kentucky and died Sep. 7 1940 in Portsmouth, Scioto County, Ohio. Mary was first married to John Smith (1887-1924) and 2nd marriage was to Manford White (1891-1950). Through her marriage with Manford White she had a daughter named Elsie White.
Elsie White was born Sep 26, 1927 in Portsmouth, Scioto, Ohio and died Oct 19, 1991 in Lucasville, Scioto, Ohio. She was the daughter to Mary (Callaway) Smith, White and Manford White.
I would like to thank Dee Blakley for sharing the following information with us. It is very interesting to note the detail of the information, and also the fact that it lists James and Lawson as two separate sons of Jonathan instead of one son named James Lawson Callaway as we had thought.
"Jonathan O Callaway (Calloway) died ca ___ Mar 1855 (coffin bought). Admin W H Callaway, followed by Samuel D Callaway, 'de bonis non' who resigned 15 July 1861. Heirs: Jonathan W Callaway, Lawson Callaway, Emily Callaway, James Callaway, William H Callaway, Samuel D Callaway, Mary Hardy. Slaves belonging to the estate: Green, a man 29 years old; Harrison, a man 32; John, a man 32; Wesley, a man 25; American, a woman 27; Ardilla, a girl 13; Isham, a boy 15; Perry, a boy 11; Julia Ann, a girl 10; Nepha, a girl 18 (went to Mrs. Hardy)."
Mrs. Hardy was Jonathan's daughter, Mary Callaway (b 1828) who married Henry K Hardy.
I know there are African American and mixed Callaways searching for their Callaway ancestors also. I do not know if any of the slaves listed in the estate used the Callaway surname or if they were related by blood to the Callaways, but thought I would send the information along for those who might find if useful.
Jonathan's line of descent is:
Dee Blakley, Billings, Montana
sharpchick13 at yahoo.com
Other C/K Lines
I would like to thank CFA Member, Don Kellaway of Ontario, Canada for sending us the following information. It's a bit of a mystery about two different Joseph P. Callaways.
Donna: The following is from a book called "Pioneers of Southern Alberta".
Callaway, Joseph P.
Joseph P. Callaway was born in 1822 at Northamptonshire, England and died at Cochrane in 1904. He married and had a family of six boys and five girls. Joseph emigrated to Goderich, Ontario in 1843. Then in 1856 he travelled by ox cart to Winnipeg, Manitoba. In 1886 he pushed into Brushy Ridge and homesteaded there, where he resided in his log cabin until his death.
In a previous issue (CFA April 2004 Newsletter) you provided some information on a Joseph P. Callaway and his wife had died leaving him with five small children. Based upon the dates and geographic locations in the most recent article it appears that this is another Joseph P. Callaway that lived in Goderich, Ontario. I attempted to find the Callaway family in the 1901 census but Alberta was still considered "The Northwest Territories" until 1905 when it became a province. It is likely that many were missed in the early census.
quinte at kos.net
AND THE BLOG GOES ON - Once on the Blog page, just scroll down to find your article listed in the archives on the right, or use the Search form. There is also a full list of all our Blog articles on the CFA web site: http://www.callawayfamily.org/cfablogarchives.htm
Query # 528
With a name like Elizabeth Callaway the research has been difficult. As best we can determine my wife's ancestry is through Peter Callaway, John Callaway, John Callaway, Jr. You list John (jr.2) as having married a second time. Do you have a name for his second wife? Did John (jr.2) leave a will. According to the history of the Reed Family, Elizabeth (Callaway Reed's mother lived to the ripe old age of 105. Elizabeth died at the age of 98 and one of her daughters died in her late 90's. Longevity was certainly in the family. As you might recall we sent a photo of Elizabeth (Callaway) Reed taken in her 90's a few years ago. Elizabeth and her husband James Reed, Jr. were the earliest settlers of Mahoning County, Ohio. He settled their in 1799 and ran a trading post. We have a photo of the sons of Elizabeth, all elderly. One son was John Callaway Reed. Another had a middle name of Christmas. None of the other children had a middle name. The name John continued for a while. Elizabeth last appears in the 1850 census with her son Jackson Reed near Canfield, OH. She said she was born in Maryland in the 1760's.
Any help greatly appreciated.
Ray & Greta McAdams, Cincinnati, OH
Query # 529
Submitter - Barbara Hill, Nacogdoches Texas
email - lrhbfh at msn.com
Thank you Donna for replying.
Editor's Note - Information provided by Barbara and from the census records shows descendants of Charles Mallory Callaway as follows:
Descendants of Charles Mallory Callaway
Generation No. 1
1. CHARLES MALLORY7 CALLAWAY (WILLIAM ANDERSON6, ISAAC5, ISAAC4, EDWARD3, JOHN2, PETER1) was born 27 May 1852 in GA, and died 30 Dec 1922 in Austin, Travis Co., TX. He married LILLIE HOWARD EVANS. She was born Abt. 1855 in TX, and died Bef. 1900 in Travis Co., TX.
Notes for CHARLES MALLORY CALLAWAY: They are listed on the 1880 Austin, Travis Co., TX census.
More About CHARLES MALLORY CALLAWAY: Occupation: Land Agent
Children of CHARLES CALLAWAY and LILLIE EVANS are:
2. i. CHARLES KENDALL8 CALLAWAY,
b. Aug 1874, TX.
Generation No. 2
2. CHARLES KENDALL8 CALLAWAY (CHARLES MALLORY7, WILLIAM ANDERSON6, ISAAC5, ISAAC4, EDWARD3, JOHN2, PETER1) was born Aug 1874 in TX. He married (1) NEELE PYLE Abt. 1897 in TX, daughter of C. PYLE and GEORGIA AVERY. She was born Nov 1874 in TX. He married (2) IMOGENE P. UNKNOWN Abt. 1929 in San Antonio, Bexar Co., TX. She was born Abt. 1888 in OH.
Notes for CHARLES KENDALL CALLAWAY: Charles Kendall and Neele are listed on the 1900 Navarro Co., TX census. Charles Kendall and Neele are listed on the 1910 Chickasaw, Grady Co., OK census. Charles Kendall and Neele and listed on the 1920 San Antonio, Bexar Co., TX census. Charles Kendall and second wife Imogene are listed on the 1930 San Antonio, Bexar Co., TX census.
More About CHARLES KENDALL CALLAWAY: Occupation: Bet. 1900 - 1920, Furniture Dealer
Child of CHARLES CALLAWAY and NEELE PYLE is:
i. DOROTHY9 CALLAWAY, b. Sep 1898,
3. HENRY D.8 CALLAWAY (CHARLES MALLORY7, WILLIAM ANDERSON6, ISAAC5, ISAAC4, EDWARD3, JOHN2, PETER1) was born Jul 1876 in TX. He married GEORGIA E. UNKNOWN Abt. 1897 in TX. She was born Jan 1879 in TX.
Notes for HENRY D. CALLAWAY: They are listed on the 1900 Corsicana, Nararro Co., TX census. They are listed on the 1910 Chickasaw, Grady Co., OK census. They are listed on the 1920, 1930 Austin, Travis Co., TX census.
More About HENRY D. CALLAWAY: Occupation: Bet. 1900 - 1930, Furniture Salesman
Children of HENRY CALLAWAY and GEORGIA UNKNOWN are:
i. HELEN H.9 CALLAWAY, b. Mar
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And As Always, Find a Way to . . .
Let Your “Callaway/Kellaway” Voice Be Heard!
Until next time,
* ~ From the preface of The "Visitations of the County of Somerset in the years 1531 et seq" by Frederic William Weaver M.A. Oxon. (1885), translated from the Latin.
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