Callaway Family Association Blog

The Callaway Family Association was formed in 1975 to study the genealogy of the Callaway Surname (all spellings). Members can be found from Australia to England to Canada to the United States and number almost 600 strong. Discussions related to Callaway Genealogy are welcome here and this Blog was created for that purpose. The Callaway Family Tree Branches May Reach Out, But the Roots Run Deep.

Wednesday, November 03, 2004

1814 Map of Fort Johnson by Captain James Callaway

In the Mississippi Region, the War of 1812 was waged by Indians. Forts, both military and family, were the basic means of protection on the exposed Missouri frontier. In 1814 Zachary Taylor sent Captains Callaway and Whiteside with a group of militia to erect Fort Johnson on the east side of the Mississippi River after the militia had retreated from the battle of Credit Island. The map of the fort constructed was preserved with the letters and papers of Captain James Callaway (Flanders, James, Joseph Callaway).

James Callaway was a logical choice for such an assignment based upon his background and experience. He was the second son of Flanders Callaway and Jemima Boone Callaway, born in Fayette County, Ky., September 13, 1783, and familiar with Ft. Boonesborough from childhood. After migrating to the St. Charles District in late 1799, he engaged in the fur trade and revisited Kentucky. He frequently was involved in public activities and by 1808 was appointed cornet of a troop of militia cavalry and served as paymaster for the Clark expedition. In 1812, he was a captain of the militia and later participated in the expedition of General Howard in 1813 and the battle of Credit Island in 1814. At various times he served on the Missouri frontier with his uncles, Daniel Morgan Boone and Nathan Boone, and no doubt had the consulting experience of both his father and Daniel Boone, to whom "forting" had been a method of survival.

Captain James Callaway was killed by Indians near Loutre Creek in March 1815. The party that went in search of his body included his father, Flanders Callaway; and he, as well as two of his soldiers, were buried where they had been killed in what is now Montgomery County, Missouri.

In 1819, a new county was created from parts of Boone, Howard and Montgomery Counties. Located west of Montgomery and east of Boone on the Missouri River, the new county was named Callaway by the Territorial Legislature of Missouri to honor the memory of Captain James Callaway. It is the only county in the state named for a Missouri Ranger in the War of 1812.

The above article was written by CFA Historian, Bobbie L. Callaway, and originally published in the 1984 CFA Journal. The photo is courtesy of the Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis, MO.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED - Copyright © 2004 Callaway Family Association

2 Comments:

Blogger Tamara said...

My name is Tamara Eugenia Carroll. Daniel Boone was my great, great, great ,great grandfather.
Flanders Callway married Jamima Boon.
My mother, Sibyl Callaway Carroll, has written a book about her parents titled "Lela and Joe"
ISBN#-13:9781587217739
496pp
Published Dec. 2000
A very good read.
Thank you, sincerely,
Tamara Carroll
tcpainter@gmail.com

February 10, 2008  
Blogger trudy said...

My name is Trudy and would really like to have more information about the Callaway family before and after James, his ancestors and children.

August 22, 2008  

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