1814 Map of Fort Johnson by Captain James Callaway
James Callaway was a logical choice for such an assignment based upon his background and experience. He was the second son of Flanders Callaway and Jemima Boone Callaway, born in Fayette County, Ky., September 13, 1783, and familiar with Ft. Boonesborough from childhood. After migrating to the St. Charles District in late 1799, he engaged in the fur trade and revisited Kentucky. He frequently was involved in public activities and by 1808 was appointed cornet of a troop of militia cavalry and served as paymaster for the Clark expedition. In 1812, he was a captain of the militia and later participated in the expedition of General Howard in 1813 and the battle of Credit Island in 1814. At various times he served on the Missouri frontier with his uncles, Daniel Morgan Boone and Nathan Boone, and no doubt had the consulting experience of both his father and Daniel Boone, to whom "forting" had been a method of survival.
Captain James Callaway was killed by Indians near Loutre Creek in March 1815. The party that went in search of his body included his father, Flanders Callaway; and he, as well as two of his soldiers, were buried where they had been killed in what is now Montgomery County, Missouri.
In 1819, a new county was created from parts of Boone, Howard and Montgomery Counties. Located west of Montgomery and east of Boone on the Missouri River, the new county was named Callaway by the Territorial Legislature of Missouri to honor the memory of Captain James Callaway. It is the only county in the state named for a Missouri Ranger in the War of 1812.
The above article was written by CFA Historian, Bobbie L. Callaway, and originally published in the 1984 CFA Journal. The photo is courtesy of the Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis, MO.
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